Monday, April 27, 2020

War - Persian Gulf - Iraq Essays - Kuwait, , Term Papers

War - Persian Gulf - Iraq WHY WAR WAS UNAVOIDABLE IN THE PERSIAN GULF AND WHY IT WAS INEVITABLE THAT IRAQ WOULD LOSE War was inevitable in the Gulf and it was a war in which Iraq was inevitable to lose. There were several reasons why this was and became a reality. How, when, where did this process of self destruction begin? It was quite evident that Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq, was becoming a military giant in the Middle East and therefore a threat to the stability of the entire region. His war with Iran was proof of this. The U.S. and other industrialized Western nations could not risk the loss of oil from the area. Kuwait is the second largest source of petroleum in the Middle East and so the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait sent the world oil market into a frenzy. Iraqi forces then gathered their forces on the border with Saudi Arabia, the second largest supplier of oil in the world. This in turn brought the military might of the United States into the conflict. There are several reasons why Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait. After the eight year war with Iran over territorial disputes and religio us rivalries between the Iranian Shiites and Iraqi Sunni factions, Iraq had a massive debt to many Arab nations including Kuwait. The rulers of these nations wanted some of their money back but Iraq thought they were ingrates and were ungrateful for defending the Arab emirs from the Iranian Islamic fundamentalism. The Arab emirs were afraid that the Islamic fundamentalists would rise against the government and eventually take over the government as they had Iran against the Shah. Kuwait was also afraid of this and so they supported the Iraqi Arabs against the Iranian Persians. The funds that the Gulf countries lent to Iraq were used to buy high tech weapons. These high tech weapons made Iraq one of the largest armies in the world and a force to contend with. Ironically much of the money and weapons came from the countries that united to fight against him. The Gulf countries bankrolled him while the Western nations, who had many defense contractors going out of business because of th e end of the Cold War, supplied him with the weapons to fight Iran and later Kuwait and the Coalition. With a large army like his, it would be very easy to defeat the far smaller Kuwaiti army compared to his. Oil had made Kuwait one of the richest and most progressive countries in the world. This desert land is one of the world's leading producers having over one-tenth of the world's known petroleum reserves. This is all in 20,150 square kilometres, a little smaller than the state of New Jersey. Kuwait is one of the world's wealthiest nations in terms of national income per person. It has free primary and secondary education free health and social services and no income tax. There was much to protect. All of this was attractive and irritating to Saddam who would and did use a fraction of his army to attack and invade Kuwait in which it only took the Iraqi army 6 hours to reach the capital city. After the invasion they had about 19% of the world's known oil reserves. Historically Ira q had claimed that it had a right to Kuwait. Saddam was jealous that Kuwait was in control of the two islands needed for a deep water shipping port: the Bubiyan and Warbah islands. These islands along with some parts of Kuwait were a part of old Mesopotamia which the Ottoman Turks conquered. The Ottoman Empire was defeated during World War I and the British made their own lines in the sand, dividing up the land according to their own strategic needs and in the process recklessly dividing up ancient communities and boundaries that had been recognized for decades. Most of Mesopotamia became Iraq and some other parts to Kuwait. In 1961, Kuwait became independent and the Iraqis threatened to invade except that British troops kept the peace. This was to be the first of many border skirmishes which included Iraqi missiles fired at Kuwaiti oil installations and the reflagging of Kuwaiti oil tankers

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.